Katie

WILLEM DE KOONING
– born April 24, 1904 in Rotterdam, Netherlands (Dutch born American painter)
– worked both figuratively and abstractly
– was involved in the arts for his entire career, though in different branches at different points

ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM
– diverged away from previous methods of creation and technique (as most art movements do)
– emphasis on “dynamic, energetic gesture”
– shifted the worlds art viewing focus from Paris/Europe to New York

COMPARABLE ARTIST
Georg Baselitz
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JOHANNES ITTEN
– got his diploma in math and science to teach, but after going abraod, he realized he would prefer to be a painter.
– founded his own art school and worked also in other schools and galleries
– his business teaching and working left him no time to paint, putting his art portfolio on hold.

BAUHAUS
– promoted workshop training verses academic studio training
– joined the fine arts and manufacturing/crafts/architecture
– Bauhaus translates to “house of building”

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JOAN MIRÓ
– born April 20, 1893 in Barcelona, Spain
– media included: lithography, murals, tapestries, and sculptures
– was good friends with Surrealist artist Max Ernest

SURREALISM
– combines unrelated images, used illogical juxtaposition
– inspired by dreams and Freudian psychological studies
– writers were a large part of the movement

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CUBISM
– developed by Pablo Picasso and George Braques
– goal was to create a new modern way of seeing the world
– first style of abstract art in the beginning of the 20th century

http://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/art_movements/cubism.htm

FERNAND LEGER
– born February 4, 1881, in Argentan, France
– also created films
– went to architecture school

http://www.biography.com/people/fernand-l%C3%A9ger-39474

COMPARABLE ARTIST
Clark Goolsby

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FAUVISM
– first of the French, twentieth centry avant-garde movements
– movement was not defined by rules or requirements, but was made of a group of similarly opponioned artists
– In order for the subject matter to be clear with such intense and non-descriptive (but expressive) colors, artist simplified the brushstrokes and shapes, and used less detail.

MATISSE
– born in Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord, northern France; on December 31, 1869
– started to paint when his mother brought him art supplies while he was recovering from appendicitis (age 20)
– his main inspiration came from artist Cézanne and his “sense of pictoral structure and color”

COMPARABLE ARTIST
Grace Hartigan

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