-Movement commenced in New York spanning from the 1940s into the 1950s.
-The style emphasized emotional expression through creative spontaneous acts.
-Diverse styles were embraced and incorporated in the movement. Artists had the freedom to convey attitudes without creative limitations.
– Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning are recognized as the movement’s most prolific leaders.
-In a 2006 art auction, Pollack’s piece entitled “No. 5, 1948,” sold for a record high $140 million. This sale marked the work as the most expensive painting ever.
–Art News published a list of the best exhibitions throughout the year 1950 in January 1951; the top three highest rated exhibitions were distinguished as Pollock’s work.
-Sampling of Work-
-Height of popularity spanned from 1890-1910
-Influenced architecture, graphic design, decorative arts (furniture, jewelry, textiles, lightening, etc.), interior design, and fine arts.
– 20th Modernist styles replaced the Art Nouveau era.
-Noted as pivotal segway between eclectic historically inspired style and 19th-century Modernism.
LOUIS COMFORT TIFFANY
–February 18, 1848 – January 17, 1933 New York, USA
-American artist best regarded for his expertise involving stained glass particularly lamps and windows. In addition, glass mosaics, blown glass, ceramics, jewelry, and metalwork.
-Associated with artists Samuel Colman, Lockwood de Forest, and Candace Wheeler.
-21st Century Comparison-
–20th-Century Avant-Garde art movement
-Movement within art, theatre, literature, and film
-Emphasis is placed on the subconscious and unrealistic significance of imagery through the usage of effects and creative juxtapositions.
-Born: July 6, 1907 in Coyoacan, Mexico
-Died: July 13, 1954 in Coyoacan, Mexico
-Spouse: Diego Rivera
-Highly regarded for her work involving self portraits.
2st CENTURY ARTIST COMPARISON
-Originated in the 20th Century comprised of Parisian artists marking the commencement of Modernism.
-Fauvist artists utilized vibrant hues to illustrate emotions in a nonconventional manner.
-Contrasted the ideals of Impressionism by not seeking to depict nature and light to exact measures but rather with colourful freedom.
-Born: June 10, 1880 (Chatou, Yvelines, Ile-de-France)
-Died: September 8, 1954 (Garches, Hauts-de-Seine, Ile-de-France)
-Close companion of Maurice de Vlaminck and Henri Matisse who heavily influenced his early artistic techniques.
-Educated at Académie Carrière, Académie Julian
–Sampling of Derain’s Work–
-21st Century Comparable Artist Shea Holliman-
-Originated in Italy durring the early 20th Century.
-Technology, youth, and violence along many other contemporary social influences were prominent features of the movement.
-Central figures to the movement include: Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carrà, Gino Severini, Giacomo Balla, Antonio Sant’Elia, Bruno Munari, and Luigi Russolo.
-Born June 13, 1877
-Location of birth Muro Lucano, Italy
-Died November 5, 1946 (aged 69)
-Abandoned his medical studies to study art formally at the Art Students League and the New York School of Art under the tutelage of William Merritt Chase.
-Sampling of Joseph Stella’s Work-
-21st Century Artist Comparison Yulia Brodskaya-